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Can I work while my Green Card application is processing?

Updated: Feb. 27, 2020

USCIS can take a very long time to process applications.

If you’re like most applicants, you’re probably wondering “Can I work while my application is processing”. The answer is yes, you can work, but you need to meet a few requirements before you go and apply for that job.

Before Applying for a Green Card

If you entered the U.S. on a visa, such as an H-1B or L-1, you may continue to work on that visa as long as it is valid and you follow all stipulations pertaining to that visa.

If you have work authorization through OPT or a TN visa you are permitted to continue working until that visa expires, but are not eligible to renew that authorization if you have a pending adjustment of status application.

Applying for a Green Card & Form I-765

If you have not applied for a green card yet and would like to be able to work in the U.S. during the processing time, you must submit the Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization with your green card application. Once your application is approved, USCIS will send you an Employment Authorization Document (EAD) that you can use to work in the U.S. while awaiting the approval of your green card. EAD is valid for both full and part-time work.

Processing Timeline: USCIS previously issued work authorization within 90 days, but their current processing time averages 4-7 months. While it can be frustrating to wait that long to receive work authorization, these processing times are shorter than the current green card wait times and are meant to make the wait time for the green card a little easier.

The Form I-765 is typically filed at the same time as your Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status. The application fee ($410) is waived if you submit it with the Form I-485.

Already applied for a Green Card but forgot the Form I-765?

If you did not submit the Form I-765 with your initial Form I-485 application and want to do so, you can still submit it afterwards. However, it will still be processed based on the date it was sent (which can take longer than the green card). If you submit the Form I-765 afterwards, you will need to attach a copy of the I-797 receipt notice from the initial Form I-485 to the top of the application to have the I-765 fee waived.

Situations where you cannot file Form I-765 and work.

If you are going through the consular process outside of the United States, you are not eligible to apply for work authorization. Similarly, if your petitioner is a permanent residence, you are not eligible to submit the Form I-765 with your Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative, and will have to wait until you are eligible to submit the Form I-485 to apply for work authorization.

Work Authorization Renewal

If your I-485 is still pending approval and your work permit is close to expiring you can apply for a renewal of your EAD.

This application can be submitted up to 120 days within your work authorization expiring. This is done by submitting a new Form I-765 to USCIS. When applying for this renewal you will need to attach additional documents such as a copy of your current EAD and the Form I-797 notice from your Form I-485 application.

Working without Authorization

By law, employers in the U.S. are only allowed to employ U.S. citizens, U.S. permanent residents, or other individuals given authority to work by the USCIS. Working without authorization can cause big problems for both the employee and the company. This could also potentially complicate your green card application and is not recommended.

If you have any questions about work authorization or your green card application, please reach out to SimpleCitizen support.

Updated on February 27, 2020

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Comments

  1. Salut, ma demande d’autorisation a déjà été validée . J’aimerais savoir quand est-ce le document original va me parvenir?
    Merci .

  2. Hello can simple citizen help with the first two stages of employment based green card before applying for I485.

  3. I am sponsoring my wife, who lives in Jamaica. I have submitted the initial application and supporting documents. I received the receipt from Uscis. My wife was called for an interview for a work program in the USA, which she applied for long before our marriage. Can she accept a work position in the USA from that program? Would it negatively affect her immigrant visa application in any way?

  4. Hello All,

    I have a question.

    I am on J1 (212-e condition) as a Postdoc at UTHealth. My J1 visa has been expired and DS2019 is still valid. Say, my I-485 is pending, I have got an EAD card. As after submitting my DS2019 can not be extended due to the request for a J1 (212(e)) waiver, so can I work in the same research institute with my same research position with an EAD card if my DS2019 is expired? No, I can not work as my DS2019 can not be extended a due to J1 waiver request>

    Looking forward to hearing from you soon.

    Thanks
    Zobaer

  5. Why doesn’t anyone explain, where to put the figures on the form and if the government goes by gross income or adjusted gross income. This is very confusing and in the instructions it does not state this information.

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