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Can I Travel While My Green Card is Processing?

When applying for a Green card, an applicant also has the opportunity to apply for Travel Authorization by filing Form I-131, Application for Travel Document. When filed along with the green card, this travel authorization–commonly also called “Advance Parole”–may take between 9-12 months, on average, to be adjudicated by USCIS. Due to this processing time, you may wonder what limitations there are on traveling while your green card application is pending. This article will explore some of those limitations.

The purpose of this article is NOT to provide legal advice but rather to provide legal information regarding the Travel Authorization/Advance Parole document. Anyone seeking legal advice on whether or not they should travel while their green card is pending is encouraged to discuss it with a licensed immigration attorney. 

Before Travel Authorization is Granted

Traveling inside the US Before Travel Authorization is Granted

Before USCIS grants the Travel Authorization/Advance Parole document, an immigrant can typically travel within the continental US while their green card application is still pending.


However, something to keep in mind is that until an applicant has received their receipt notices from USCIS confirming that USCIS has started processing their application, an applicant will not have proof of their pending green card application. This means that if they are traveling inside the US without a valid visa or status, they may not have proof of having legal status in the United States. Because of this, any interactions with US immigration while traveling presents the potential for issues.

Additionally, an applicant will want to be very cautious if traveling outside of the United States to non-continental US territories or states (such as Hawaii or Puerto Rico). In the case of an emergency landing or layover in a non-US territory or country, USCIS would consider that applicant as having left the United States, and the green card application would be considered abandoned.

Traveling outside the US Before Travel Authorization is Granted

After submitting a green card application, an applicant may only be authorized to leave the country and reenter the US once they have received the Travel Authorization/Advance Parole document. While this does not apply to certain dual-intent visas (such as the H1B or L1 visas)*, this does not apply to green card applicants whose non-immigrant visas previously allowed for travel. Non-immigrant visas (such as F1, TN, or B1/B2) are not authorized to travel outside the United States until their Form I-131, Application to Travel, has been approved. Doing so would result in the green card application being denied and could lead to misrepresentation investigations. 

*NOTE: While some dual-intent visas allow for continued travel while a green card application is pending, traveling on a dual-intent visa before the Advance Parole/Travel Authorization is approved likely means that USCIS will deny Form I-131 and will not grant Advance Parole. 

Overall, it can be beneficial for an applicant wishing to travel internationally to wait until USCIS has granted them Travel Authorization before they travel outside the United States. If this travel authorization is pending, an applicant would need to consider whether they have a valid document that will allow for their re-entry into the US and whether they accept the potential repercussions of abandoning their pending application and subsequent denial of the Green Card. 

Currently, the average wait time for the Travel Authorization/Advance Parole document adjudication is around 9-12 months, while the Green Card application itself may take anywhere from 12-24 months to be approved. Due to these timelines, USCIS will likely grant an applicant’s travel authorization while the Green Card application is still pending approval. 

When USCIS issues the Travel Authorization/Advance Parole document, an applicant is essentially authorized to travel in and out of the US while their green card is still being processed. However, after this travel authorization has been approved, there is still some risk that an applicant could experience difficulties re-entering the US or miss important USCIS notices while they are out of the country. This article will discuss these potential risks in greater detail below.

Risks of traveling While a Green Card application is pending



Risks During Re-entry

After international travel, re-entry into the United States is ultimately at the discretion of the US Customs and Border Protection agent, who inspects upon arrival. This means that even if someone has been granted Advanced Parole and has a valid travel authorization document, US Customs and Border Protection can still technically deny their re-entry. Thus, travel authorization does not guarantee entry into the United States. 

While generally, there are no issues re-entering, there is always a risk. These cases are not typical, and you can diminish risk by following laws and regulations and not committing crimes that could jeopardize your ability to reenter the United States.

Risks of missing time-sensitive USCIS notices while traveling

The Biometrics Appointment
In the weeks after someone submits a green card application, USCIS will mail them a notice with a scheduled biometrics appointment at a local Application Support Center (ASC). The appointment notice (Form I-797C, Notice of Action) will include the date, time, and location for the ASC appointment. It is recommended that this appointment is attended whenever possible, as it can be challenging to reschedule.

If you are traveling abroad on a dual-intent visa when you get the notice for the biometrics appointment, it could be challenging to return to the United States in time to make the appointment.

Notices for Requests for Evidence

When USCIS needs more information for a case, they issue a “Request for Evidence” (commonly called an RFE). The RFE letter comes in the mail, and USCIS typically outlines what documentation must be submitted and issues a deadline by which they must receive that information. They specify that the applicant must submit the requested documents to them before that deadline. Cases that do not respond to the RFE by that deadline will have their green card application denied. 

Applicants wishing to travel abroad while the green card application is pending will want to be aware that if they receive an RFE while they are away, they will need to respond to the RFE before the deadline or risk having their application denied.

The Green Card Interview with USCIS

In the months after completing your biometrics, USCIS will schedule an interview with a USCIS officer. This interview is conducted in person and is arguably the most important moment in the process of getting a green card. USCIS will mail you an appointment notice (Form I-797C, Notice of Action) which will include the date, time, and location for your interview. It is critical that applicants don’t miss this appointment. Be aware that, in some cases, USCIS can schedule the appointment within weeks of issuing the notice. If you are traveling abroad when you get the notice for the interview appointment, it could be challenging to return to the US in time to make the appointment.

Partner Immigration Attorneys Can Help You Plan

Navigating Travel while a Green Card application is pending presents many nuanced situations. If you have any questions about this topic or how this applies to your specific situation/visa, consider signing up for SimpleCitizen’s Professional Package–which allows you to discuss your questions and concerns with one of our independent partner Immigration Attornies.

Learn more about what this package includes here: https://www.simplecitizen.com/pricing/

FAQ


Can I use my dual intent visa (H1B or L1) to travel while my green card is pending?

If someone has proof of a valid dual-intent visa, they can travel while the green card is pending without the risk of USCIS deeming their case as abandoned. However, this does not apply to the O visa. Please refer to this article for more information about travel with an H1B visa. 


Can I travel using my K-1 visa?

The K visa serves as a single entry visa, meaning that once someone enters the US, they cannot use that visa again to leave and reenter the US. Instead, they would need to consider waiting for the travel authorization or the green card to be granted. 


Since an O-1B visa is considered dual intent, can someone use it to travel while they wait on travel authorization through their adjustment of status application?

The O-1 visa is a dual-intent visa in the context of visa approval but not in the context of travel authorization. As such, USCIS will consider that someone traveling abroad on an O visa while the green card application is pending (and before the travel authorization has not been granted) has abandoned the green card application, and this application will be denied. 

Updated on January 18, 2023

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Comments

  1. Can I travel to other states for a holiday while waiting for green card,my k1 fiancé visa expires on 03/20/2020 and I would like to visit other state while waiting for my green card. Is it possible?

  2. Hi Roksana, you can travel between states in the U.S. with your state-issued ID or your passport. You do not need an advance parole document to travel between states. Keep in mind traveling to Hawaii and Alaska if also fine, however, if your plane has to land outside of the U.S. for any reason, your green card application could be considered abandoned. Once you have your EAD/AP combo card, you can travel outside the U.S. while waiting for your green card.

    1. Hey Matthew

      What if you don’t have a valid visa on your passport to travel domestically while pending for a green card application

      Thank you

    2. What about going to puerto rico when fingerprinting is not done yet? I am not in status now but have a valid Real ID Drivers license. can i go to puerto rico and come back to mainland without any issues?

  3. Hi there,
    I received my IR5 visa (expiring soon) to then get my greencard. Due to travel restrictions because of COVID can I go to guam as my port of entry to activate the green card (giving my intended US address) and go to the US immediately/shortly after or could I go back home immediately and fly to the US later while I’m waiting for the greencard to arrive?
    Many thanks!
    Hope you’re all keeping safe!

  4. Hi there,

    I received my IR5 visa to activate a greencard. My visa will be expiring soon and because of travel restrictions due to COVID I can’t get to the US. Can my port of entry be Guam? And can I leave Guam once I activate the greencard on arrival? or do i have to wait in Guam until i receive the physical card? Or can I give my intended US address when i enter Guam and fly to that state to wait for my greencard? or alternatively give the my intended US address and leave Guam to go back home before flying back to the US later?

    Many thanks,
    stay safe!

  5. Hello,

    Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, my grandmother had to postpone her travel back into the US. Consequently, her green card expired while abroad. However, during this time, her new green card DID arrive to her US address. She just currently does not have it in her possession.

    She has booked travel to come back into the US very soon (within 6 months of last leaving the US, of course), however, in her possession on her day of re-entry, she’ll have her expired* green card. Her family has her new* green card here. Will we be able to give it to her at a point of entry when she travels back to the US? Or should we find a way to get her new green card to her person by her re- entry date?

    THANK YOU for your assistance.

    1. Marianna,
      How did she applied for new card abroad? Online?
      If yes, what about bio metrics and intreview? how did she pass this steps?
      Thank you!

  6. Hello,
    I am a Canadian citizen, I am
    Waiting for I-485 interview, it was postponed due to coronavirus. I do have my advance parole. Can I travel to Canada after my green card interview.
    Please help !!!

  7. Married to USC.
    My I-485 Interview was completed on 8/21/2020 and the IO was just collecting info virtually and separated us right after an oath and took about an hour to complete, nothing complicated. After a couple hours I got this message that the Interview was completed and the Case must be reviewed. I-130 is same status under review.

    As this might take weeks, months or more than a year to make a decision (whatever). I have my 1st EAD Combo Card with I-131 endorsement valid till June 2021. My question is, Can I got to Canada and come back after a couple weeks because I have to file taxes and some other important things. What if they deny or worst possible when I am in Canada? Can my wife (US Citizen Petitioner) take any legal steps/actions in case denied and I can take steps from Canada?

  8. My husband is waiting for his renewal can we still travel? Or what does he need to travel, we’re just waiting for the card and it’s taking long,…help!

  9. I’m Gerrard from New York, United States. I lost my job a few months back after my divorce with my wife. I tried everything positive to make sure I took good care of my kids but all failed, and I was in debt which makes everything worse. I was kicked out of my home and i had to live with my neighbor after pleading with her to allow me stay with her for some days while i figure out how to get a home which she agreed, but no one was willing to help anymore. I bumped into this page from google and I was excited about this, then I contacted the hackers. I had just $200, so I pleaded with them to help me because of my condition but they never accepted. I believed in this, so I managed to pawn a few things and got $500. I ordered the $10,000 card and I got my card delivered to me by Ups 4 days later. I never believed my eyes! I was excited and upset as well, I managed to withdraw $2000 on the ATM and $2500 the second day. I went to Walmart and a grocery and bought a couple of things for $3000. The card got blocked the third day and I contacted them and I was told it’s a mistake from my end. I’m so happy, I have started all over again and have a good apartment with my kids you can contact him through is via email (dicksonharryblankatmharckers@gmail.com)  

  10. My company is currently in the process of applying for I-140 in premium processing. That said, I have plans to travel to my home country due to a family emergency. My question is: Can I travel outside the US before I-140 is applied?
    Secondly, once I-140 is approved, I understand there is a 6 month window where you can port your priority date to another company without having it revoked.
    Two follow-ups:
    1. Do you have to be present in the US for the duration of 6 months? Does it include PTO?
    2. Does the 6 month account for business days or calendar days?
    Thanks in advance for your help!

  11. I applied for Green Card concurrently with I-485 (EB1C)and I-140 (husband’s). I-140 got approved in Sept 2018. Interview was completed in April 19. During Jan 2020, I had to travel abroad for 3 months. But due to Covid-19, I could return to the US only after 7 months. During this period my L-2 visa was valid but about to expire. I used my Advance Parole to enter USA. Question: Will a 7-month absence in the US will affect my prospects of Green Card Approval?

  12. My son is 27 years old disabled. He left US June 24/2020
    He is condition very difficult he need some treat other country but he is green card approved November 12/2020.
    He can comeback US?

  13. I have applied to renew my greencard. I live in the Rio Grande Valley which is south of the checkpoints. I can travel within the state past the checkpoint while awaiting for my greencard renewal?

  14. Can I do a cruise if my I-130 is in the process? the cruise will start and end in the USA

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